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“Schön identifies that the role of reflection-on-action is not only one of learning and informing action, but also the building of theory”
The Schön Reflective Model
Schön’s (1991) Reflection in action/Reflection on action provides an additional element by making a distinction between reflection during the event and reflection after the event. It may be helpful to take account of this distinction during your own reflective practice.
This is particularly useful in practical situations, such as when teaching or nursing, where you may need to think on your feet and try new things when something is not going as you would expect. Using Schön’s framework allows you to capture that aspect of reflective practice.
Schön: This model has the strength of considering reflection in action (during an event/experience) with those that happen in hindsight (after the event).