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Subject LibGuides

Open Access: Gold OA

Is it Gold for me?

gold sunrise
'Gold' open access refers to work which is free to read and download from the publisher's website, with an open licence.
Publishers who offer a gold route often recoup their costs by charging the author a fee when their work is accepted for publication.  Article processing charges (APCs) typically range between £200 - £5000, depending the discipline and the journal. 
Certain research funders offer financial support to funded authors to pay APCs. Discounts may be applied for scholarly society members, invited contributions, or in exchange for editorial or reviewer duties.
Some publishers enter into agreements with institutions to offset the cost of APCs against subscriptions.  Others waive fees when one or more authors are early career researchers, or based in a developing country.  
Publishing on an open access platform without paying a fee is often known as 'diamond' open access.  Most 'diamond' OA publishers rely on financial support from a charity, scholarly/professional institution or official body.

If you are unable to pay an article processing charge, you are likely to retain the right to make your 'accepted manuscript' open in your institutional repository:  'green' open access.

Choosing where to publish

The SHERPA partnership of UKHEIs, funded by Jisc, maintains a number of online services to support open access publishing,  including:

  • SHERPA Romeo: search by journal title or publisher for a shortcut to authors' options for gold or green open access;
  • SHERPA Juliet: search by funder for an overview of their OA criteria for funded authors;
  • SHERPA FACT:  search by journal and funder for an instant check on whether the journal's OA options will enable you to comply with your funder's terms.

Choosing a licence

A key part of publishing open access material is ensuring that readers understand what permissions they have for re-use of the material. The Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association offers best practice guidelines on licensing and attribution in open access:

Please direct any questions to 

Predatory Publishers

Beware of predatory publishers who "lie about their business practices for the purpose of attracting paying authors"  (Rick Anderson, 2019).

  • David H. Kaye, Emeritus Professor of Law at Penn State, blogs regularly about encounters with Flaky Academic Journals in all disciplines.  You can search the blog content for any references to journals you're worried about.
  • The international Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) has published a discussion document (2019) identifying the key issues and proposing solutions to predatory publishing.
  • Cabell's International Blacklist is a "searchable database of deceptive and predatory academic journals".  Access is for subscribers only.  If you encounter any suggestion that a journal has been blacklisted by Cabell's, treat this as a warning sign.
  • Hull Professor of Nursing Roger Watson has recorded a podcast (2016) on "steps you can take to protect yourself" from predatory publishers.


Think. Check. Submit. is a tool developed by scholarly publishers and societies,  to offer researchers a checklist that will help them decide if a publisher is trustworthy:

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