UK law permits teachers and students to makes copies of third party material for the purposes of "giving or receiving instruction". The UK Intellectual Property Office has published a guide to Exceptions to Copyright for Education and Teaching (2014).
Lectures (in person or recorded), student activities and assessments are covered by this legal exception. Course reading is treated differently in UK law.
You must have acquired the material legally (free or paid for), and your use must be fair dealing. Broadly speaking, this means all of the following criteria must be met:
There's no legal definition of how much is 'reasonable'. Use your judgement about whether your use would impact on the rights-holder's market. For instance:
Consider whether you can link to the material on the host platform instead of making a copy. Sharing a link is unlikely to breach copyright, providing you aren't knowingly promoting online piracy, or enabling students to get round a paywall.
Take care when utilizing other people's images in your teaching materials, to ensure that your use meets the criteria for Instruction as defined in English law:
If the image is sufficiently high quality to have a market value in its own right (for example, a film still, cartoon, photographic landscape or book cover), be mindful that should your teaching material become available online beyond the virtual classroom, the rights-holder might claim that your reproduction is competing with the market for their work.
A subscribed collection of digitized artworks licensed for educational use:
Films are protected by copyright in the UK for 50 years after the last of these rights-holders dies: principal director, producer, screenplay author, composer of soundtrack. TV programmes are protected for 50 years from date of first broadcast; sound recordings for 50 years from the date of recording.
If you wish to incorporate copyright AV material which isn't already licensed for educational use into your teaching: UK law permits teachers and students to screen a film or TV broadcast "at an educational establishment", for "instruction".
Legal opinion is mixed about whether this can include using unlicensed AV material for e-learning activities. It can be argued that streaming a film via a password-protected platform to a closed group of students at a specific time meets the criteria for an "educational establishment". However, there's less confidence amongst UKHEIs that making a recording available via the VLE for students to engage with in their own time would qualify as a permitted use in UK law, and any legal exception would be unlikely to cover students based outside the UK.
For this reason, uploading copyright-protected AV files to Canvas should be avoided if possible.
Copyright Guidance for Using Films in Online Teaching During the Covid-19 Pandemic: a paper by Emily Hudson, Kings College London School of Law, exploring the legalities and potential workarounds (published 6-8-2020).
Subscribed sources of digital AV content which are licensed for educational use:
Sheet maps are not covered by the University's CLA Licence for course reading. Ordnance Survey maps are Crown Copyright, protected for 50 years from date of publication.
If you are creating e-learning material using proprietary software (such as Camtasia), use the soundtracks provided if you wish to incorporate backing music. You could also try the Free Music Archive, a music platform used by over 34 000 artists to share tracks with an open licence for non-commercial reuse.
Musical scores are protected for 70 years after the death of the composer; later additions such as lyrics, fingering or breathing marks are also protected for 70 years after the death of the creator. The typographic setting of a score is protected for 25 years from the date of publication.
Photocopying or scanning sheet music for educational purposes isn't covered by the University's CLA Licence: refer to the MPA Guidelines for Copying Sheet Music.
Subscribed digital collections of music recordings which are licensed for educational use:
Subscribed sources of news and current affairs material which are licensed for educational use:
Universities own the copyright in teaching materials produced by their employees, unless they have explicitly waived this right. However, some educators choose to licence their material for wider use, free of charge. See Copyright: The Basics for an overview of open licensing schemes, including Creative Commons.
Where to find OERs (University of Hull has no formal relationship with these providers)
You may also find useful teaching material in the many e-books and e-journals which are published with Open Access.
Further support for University of Hull teaching staff:
This blog post (18-3-2020) by UK e-learning and copyright experts Chris Morrison and Jane Secker includes free access to selected chapters from their authoritative handbook:
Copyright & E-learning: A guide for practitioners (Facet Publishing, 2018)