Online tutorials are available for both LexisLibrary and Westlaw, and there are videos available for HeinOnline. Just click on the links below.
Citations to law reports and cases are almost always given in abbreviated form. In order to understand what the abbreviations mean, you may need to consult one of the following:
Online: Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations - see link on left
Print: Raistrick, Donald. Index to legal citations and abbreviations. 2nd ed. Bowker Saur, 1993.
Shelved on BJL 2nd floor at K 20 R1 (second copy kept at BJL Service Desk on the Ground Floor)
Most law report citations follow the same pattern, as in the example below:
Example: Judd v Brown  2 FLR 360
|Judd v Brown||||2||FLR||360|
|Parties involved||Date of case||Volume number||Report series||Page number|
In 2001 (updated in 2002) a new method of case citation was introduced for most of the higher courts in England and Wales.
Example: Avis v Turner  EWCA Civ 748
|Avis v Turner||||EWCA Civ||327|
|Case name||Year of judgement||Court abbreviation||Case number|
Often, the neutral citation will be followed by a reference to one or more law reports series.
Example: GW v RW  EWHC 611  2 FCR 289