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Copyright: Photocopying and scanning

Copyright legislation and licences relating to academic practice.

Copyright for students

The majority of the materials you use in your studies will be protected under the UK's Copyright, Designs, and Patents Act, 1988. This means it is illegal to copy, scan, or otherwise reuse those material without the permission of the copyright owner. More information can be found here.

There are exceptions to the Law that allow you to make copies of copyrighted material for use in your studies and research. 

Books and journal articles

Students can make a single copy  of book chapters and journal articles published in the UK and certain approved international territories. You must not exceed the stated limits of:

  • one chapter of a book
  • one article from a journal issue
  • 5% of the total pages of the work, including contents and index
The Internet

Material on the Internet is not freely available to use, being covered by copyright law in the same way as books and journals. You should check the terms of the websites you are using to see if it possible to copy the content.

Other formats

For information about copying from maps, music scores, theses, photographs, and images please refer to other sections of this guide.