All images in books, periodicals and journals as well as those on the internet are subject to copyright restrictions. If you wish to take an image from its original source (either paper or electronic) to use in your own document (either paper or electronic) you will need the permission of the publisher or rights holder or the website owner.
Similarly sound recordings are subject to copyright restrictions and you will again need the permission of the rights holder to reuse them.
To enable staff and students to avoid the time consuming task of tracing the publisher or rights holder to obtain permission from the library provides access to several databases of copyright cleared images which maybe used for educational purposes.
In the UK, the primary authors of a film are the producer and the principal director. Films remain in copyright for 50 years until the last of the following dies: principal director, producer, screenplay author, composer of soundtrack. Similarly broadcasts remain in copyright with the broadcaster for 50 years.
Broadcasts can be recorded for educational purposes under the ERA Plus licence and through the BoB service.
In the UK, sound recordings are the property of the producer and company responsible for the recording. They are also eligible for performance rights if the recording was performed (i.e. a concert). Sound recording rights last for 50 years from the date of recording and performance rights for 50 years from the performance. Fair dealing does not extend to sound recordings, therefore permission must be sought for the use of sound recordings.